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J Pers Assess. 2005 Dec;85(3):295-303.

A confirmatory approach to the factor structure of the Boredom Proneness Scale: evidence for a two-factor short form.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of West Florida, 11000 University Parkway, Pensacola, FL 32514, USA.


We analyzed previous exploratory factor analytic structures on the Boredom Proneness Scale (BPS; Farmer & Sundberg, 1986) using confirmatory factor analysis in structural equation modeling in LISREL 8 (Jöreskog & Sörbom, 1993). These analyses indicated that 2 factors were generally consistent across 6 exploratory models. Items that had significant loadings on these two factors (N = 12; 6 for each factor) indicated a lack of Internal Stimulation and External Stimulation. In further analysis on these 12 items using LISREL, we found a much improved fit and provided support for a short form version of the original BPS. We also found the shortened version to be invariant across gender. We discuss implications for the more precise measurement of boredom proneness and the use of the scale in applied settings.

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