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Blood. 2006 Mar 15;107(6):2252-61. Epub 2005 Nov 29.

Migration inhibitory factor up-regulates vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 via Src, PI3 kinase, and NFkappaB.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.


Cell adhesion molecules are critical in monocyte (MN) recruitment in immune-mediated and hematologic diseases. We investigated the novel role of recombinant human migration inhibitory factor (rhMIF) in up-regulating vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and their signaling pathways in human MNs. rhMIF-induced expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 was significantly higher compared with nonstimulated MNs. rhMIF induced MN VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression in a concentration-dependent manner (P < .05). Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) and inhibitors of Src, PI3K, p38, and NFkappaB significantly reduced rhMIF-induced MN VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression (P < .05). However, Erk1/2 and Jak2 were not involved. Silencing RNA directed against MIF, and inhibitors of Src, PI3K, NFkappaB, anti-VCAM-1, and anti-ICAM-1 significantly inhibited rhMIF-induced adhesion of HL-60 cells to human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HMVECs) or an endothelial cell line, HMEC-1, in cell adhesion assays, suggesting the functional significance of MIF-induced adhesion molecules (P < .05). rhMIF also activated MN phospho-Src, -Akt, and -NFkappaB in a time-dependent manner. rhMIF induced VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 up-regulation in 12 hours via Src, PI3K, and NFkappaB as shown by Western blotting and immunofluorescence. MIF and MIF-dependent signaling pathways may be a potential target for treating diseases characterized by up-regulation of cell adhesion molecules.

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