Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Water Sci Technol. 2005;52(8):133-42.

Water, sanitation and hygiene in developing countries: interventions and diarrhoea--a review.

Author information

  • 1Centre for Research into Environment and Health, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK.

Erratum in

  • Water Sci Technol. 2005;52(12):299.

Abstract

We conducted a search to identify all English language papers (published between 1 January 1985 and 26 June 2003) with evidence on the effectiveness of water, sanitation and hygiene interventions in developing countries, in which diarrhoea morbidity in non-outbreak conditions was reported. A total of 39 studies were identified as relevant after an initial review of over 2000 titles. Data were extracted and, where possible, combined using meta-analysis to provide a summary estimate of the effectiveness of specific interventions, including water supply and water treatment. Most of the interventions (including multiple interventions, hygiene and water quality) were found to significantly reduce the levels of diarrhoeal illness, with the greatest impact being seen for hygiene and household treatment interventions (after removal of studies classed as poor quality). Sanitation interventions could not be assessed as only a single study suitable for meta-analysis was identified.

PMID:
16312960
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk