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J Clin Invest. 2005 Dec;115(12):3623-33. Epub 2005 Nov 23.

Enhancement of vaccine-mediated antitumor immunity in cancer patients after depletion of regulatory T cells.

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  • 1Genitourinary Cancer Immunotherapy Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA.

Abstract

In this study, we investigated whether elimination of CD4+/CD25+ Tregs using the recombinant IL-2 diphtheria toxin conjugate DAB(389)IL-2 (also known as denileukin diftitox and ONTAK) is capable of enhancing the immunostimulatory efficacy of tumor RNA-transfected DC vaccines. We show that DAB(389)IL-2 is capable of selectively eliminating CD25-expressing Tregs from the PBMCs of cancer patients without inducing toxicity on other cellular subsets with intermediate or low expression of CD25. DAB(389)IL-2-mediated Treg depletion resulted in enhanced stimulation of proliferative and cytotoxic T cell responses in vitro but only when DAB(389)IL-2 was omitted during T cell priming. DAB(389)IL-2 significantly reduced the number of Tregs present in the peripheral blood of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients and abrogated Treg-mediated immunosuppressive activity in vivo. Moreover, DAB(389)IL-2-mediated elimination of Tregs followed by vaccination with RNA-transfected DCs significantly improved the stimulation of tumor-specific T cell responses in RCC patients when compared with vaccination alone. Our findings may have implications in the design of immune-based strategies that may incorporate the Treg depletion strategy to achieve potent antitumor immunity with therapeutic impact.

PMID:
16308572
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1288834
Free PMC Article

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