Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
FEBS J. 2005 Dec;272(23):6170-7.

Functional analysis of disease-causing mutations in human UDP-galactose 4-epimerase.

Author information

  • 1School of Biology & Biochemistry, Queen's University Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, Belfast, UK. dtimson@qub.ac.uk

Abstract

UDP-galactose 4-epimerase (GALE, EC 5.1.3.2) catalyses the interconversion of UDP-glucose and UDP-galactose. Point mutations in this enzyme are associated with the genetic disease, type III galactosemia, which exists in two forms - a milder, or peripheral, form and a more severe, or generalized, form. Recombinant wild-type GALE, and nine disease-causing mutations, have all been expressed in, and purified from, Escherichia coli in soluble, active forms. Two of the mutations (N34S and G319E) display essentially wild-type kinetics. The remainder (G90E, V94M, D103G, L183P, K257R, L313M and R335H) are all impaired in turnover number (k cat) and specificity constant (k cat/Km), with G90E and V94M (which is associated with the generalized form of galactosemia) being the most affected. None of the mutations results in a greater than threefold change in the Michaelis constant (Km). Protein-protein crosslinking suggests that none of the mutants are impaired in homodimer formation. The L183P mutation suffers from severe proteolytic degradation during expression and purification. N34S, G90E and D103G all show increased susceptibility to digestion in limited proteolysis experiments. Therefore, it is suggested that reduced catalytic efficiency and increased proteolytic susceptibility of GALE are causative factors in type III galactosemia. Furthermore, there is an approximate correlation between the severity of these defects in the protein structure and function, and the symptoms observed in patients.

PMID:
16302980
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk