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J Immunol. 2005 Dec 1;175(11):7162-9.

Helicobacter pylori activates NF-kappaB via the alternative pathway in B lymphocytes.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo, Japan. tohmae-tky@umin.ac.jp


Helicobacter pylori causes various gastroduodenal diseases including gastric MALT lymphoma, but the mechanism underlying H. pylori-induced carcinogenesis is not known. The alternative pathway for NF-kappaB activation, which involves the processing of NF-kappaB2/p100 to p52, has been implicated in lymphocyte survival, attenuated apoptosis, and secondary lymphoid tissue development. In this study, we investigated H. pylori-induced activation of NF-kappaB through the alternative pathway in B lymphocytes. In immunoblot and EMSA, H. pylori induced NF-kappaB2/p100 processing to p52 and subsequent nuclear accumulation in IM-9 (human B cell line) cells and human peripheral blood B cells, but not in AGS (human gastric cancer cell line) cells. The activation of the alternative pathway was LPS-dependent but not cag pathogenicity island-dependent. Alternative pathway activation by H. pylori was associated with attenuated apoptosis. The expression levels of B lymphocyte chemoattractant, EBI-1 ligand chemokine, and stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha mRNAs were up-regulated in cocultured human B cells and in infected human gastric mucosa. In the infected mucosa, NF-kappaB2/p100 and p52 were detected immunohistochemically in the cytoplasm and nuclear compartments of lymphocytes, but not in epithelial cells. In summary, H. pylori activates the alternative NF-kappaB pathway in B lymphocytes. The effects on chemokine production and antiapoptosis mediated by H. pylori-induced processing of NF-kappaB2/p100 to p52 may drive lymphocytes to acquire malignant potential.

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