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J Voice. 2005 Dec;19(4):519-28.

Perturbation and nonlinear dynamic analyses of voices from patients with unilateral laryngeal paralysis.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Medical Science Center Rm. 5745, 1300 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706-1532, USA.


This study used perturbation methods (eg, jitter and shimmer) and nonlinear dynamic methods (eg, phase space reconstruction and correlation dimension) to analyze sustained voices generated by normal subjects and patients with unilateral laryngeal paralysis. We found that normal and pathological voices had low-dimensional dynamic characteristics. For nearly periodic voices, jitter and shimmer values of pathological voices from patients with unilateral laryngeal paralysis were significantly different from normal voices. For nearly periodic and aperiodic voices, the correlation dimensions of pathological voices were statistically higher than normal voices. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic performances of jitter, shimmer, and correlation dimension. High sensitivity and specificity of these three acoustic analyses in distinguishing unilateral laryngeal paralysis patients from normal subjects were found. We concluded that combining traditional perturbation analysis and nonlinear dynamic analysis might provide efficient descriptions of pathological voices and represent a valuable tool for clinical diagnosis of laryngeal paralysis.

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