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Paediatr Respir Rev. 2005 Dec;6(4):246-54. Epub 2005 Nov 8.

Forced oscillation technique in infants and young children.

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  • 1Paediatric Respiratory Medicine, Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital of Berne, Inselspital, 3010 Berne, Switzerland.


Due to its non-invasive character, the forced oscillation technique has gained importance in clinical research in infants and young children. Standardisation has enabled systematic and comparable measurements to be made in different laboratories throughout the world. The theoretical conditions are now fulfilled for use of these techniques in the clinical environment. This review discusses the principles, usefulness and pitfalls of various forced oscillation techniques in a research and clinical environment and the present and future clinical applications in children. It will focus particularly on the role of infant and preschool lung function as forced oscillation only requires minimal cooperation.

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