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Bioresour Technol. 2006 Nov;97(16):2065-70. Epub 2005 Nov 17.

Physical and thermochemical characterization of rice husk char as a potential biomass energy source.

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  • 1Advanced Materials and Solar Photovoltaic Division, School of Energy Studies, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, India.

Abstract

The fixed bed pyrolysis of rice husk was studied under conventional conditions with the aim of determining the characteristics of the charcoal formed for its applicability as a solid fuel. Thermoanalytic methods were used to determine the kinetic parameters of its combustion. Palletisation using different binders and techniques to improve the time of sustained combustion of the char pallets were investigated. The optimum temperature for carbonization to obtain a char having moderately high heating value was found as 400 degrees C. For the active char combustion zone, the order of reaction was nearly 1, the activation energy 73.403 kJ/mol and the pre-exponential factor 4.97 x 10(4)min(-1). Addition of starch as a binder and 10% ferrous sulphate heptahydrate or sodium hypophosphite as an additive enhanced the ignitibility of the char pallets.

PMID:
16298126
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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