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J Chromatogr A. 2006 Jan 13;1102(1-2):268-72. Epub 2005 Nov 17.

Development and validation of a solid phase micro-extraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for the determination of furan in baby-food.

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  • 1Dipartimento di Chimica Generale ed Inorganica, Chimica Analitica, Chimica Fisica, Universit√† degli Studi di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 17/A, 43100 Parma, Italy.


An efficient and simple method for the determination of furan in baby-food (vegetables and fruits) by solid phase micro-extraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GC-MS) was developed and validated. Experimental design was used to investigate the effects of temperature and time of extraction. The calculated regression model was used to find the experimental conditions providing the optimal SPME extraction yield. Validation was carried out in terms of limit of detection (LOD), limit of quantitation (LOQ), linearity, precision and trueness. LOD and LOQ values in the low ngkg(-1) were achieved, whereas linearity was established over two order of magnitude. Good precision was obtained both in terms of intra-day repeatability and between-day precision on two concentration levels (RSD% lower than 3.6%). Recovery values of 91.5+/-6.2% and of 96.1+/-1.3% (n=3) were calculated at 75 ngkg(-1) and 75 microgkg(-1) level. Finally, the applicability of the method to the determination of furan in a number of commercial and home-made baby-food samples was demonstrated.

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