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Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2006 Jan;74(1):39-60. Epub 2005 Nov 16.

Effect of prostaglandins against alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus.

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  • 1UND Life Sciences, Shaker Heights, OH 44120, USA.


Previously, we observed that alloxan-induced in vitro cytotoxicity and apoptosis in an insulin secreting rat insulinoma, RIN, cells was prevented by prior exposure to prostaglandin (PG) E(1), PGE(2), PGI(2), PGF(1)(alpha), and PGF(3)(alpha) (P<0.05 compared to alloxan), whereas thromboxane B(2) (TXB(2)) and 6-keto-PGF(1)(alpha) were ineffective. In an extension of these studies, we now report that prior intraperitoneal administration of PGE(1), PGE(2), PGF(1)(alpha), and PGF(3)(alpha) prevented alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus in male Wistar rats, whereas PGI(2), TXB(2), and 6-keto PGF(1)(alpha) were not that effective. PGE(1), PGE(2), PGF(1)(alpha), and PGF(3)(alpha) not only attenuated chemical-induced diabetes mellitus but also restored the antioxidant status to normal range in red blood cells and pancreas. These results suggest that PGE(1), PGE(2), PGF(1)(alpha), and PGF(3)(alpha) can abrogate chemically induced diabetes mellitus in experimental animals and attenuate the oxidant stress that occurs in diabetes mellitus.

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