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Brain Inj. 2005 Oct;19(11):863-80.

A systematic review of treatments for mild traumatic brain injury.

Author information

  • 1Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Centre, University of Toronto, ON, Canada. comper.paul@torontorehab.on.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the effectiveness of interventions for mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) in adults as found in the literature.

RESEARCH DESIGN:

Systematic review of the literature.

METHODS:

Six electronic databases and 18 journals within the brain injury field were manually searched between the years 1980-2003. References from articles were scanned for further literature. Studies that met broad inclusion criteria were subjected to a formal test of relevance. Those found to be relevant were qualitatively tested for their methodological soundness.

RESULTS:

One thousand and fifty-five studies were initially identified and 163 were assessed using the relevance tool, yielding 20 studies for review. Four categories of interventions were identified: Pharmacotherapy, Cognitive Rehabilitation, Patient Education and Other. The majority of studies were weak, however there is evidence to support the effectiveness of patient education interventions.

CONCLUSIONS:

There are few rigorous studies evaluating treatment of MTBI. Limitations of the current literature are presented.

PMID:
16296570
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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