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Cell Death Differ. 2006 Jul;13(7):1064-74. Epub 2005 Nov 18.

Overexpression of Ets-1 in human hematopoietic progenitor cells blocks erythroid and promotes megakaryocytic differentiation.

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  • 1Department of Hematology, Oncology and Molecular Medicine, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 00161 Rome, Italy.

Abstract

Ets-1 is a widely expressed transcription factor implicated in development, tumorigenesis and hematopoiesis. We analyzed Ets-1 gene expression during human erythroid and megakaryocytic (MK) differentiation in unilineage cultures of CD34+ progenitor cells. During erythroid maturation, Ets-1 is downmodulated and exported from the nucleus into the cytoplasm through an active mechanism mediated by a leucine-rich nuclear export signal. In contrast, during megakaryocytopoiesis Ets-1 increases and remains localized in the nucleus up to terminal maturation. Overexpression of Ets-1 in erythroid cells blocks maturation at the polychromatophilic stage, increases GATA-2 and decreases both GATA-1 and erythropoietin receptor expression. Conversely, Ets-1 overexpressing megakaryocytes are characterized by enhanced differentiation and maturation, coupled with upmodulation of GATA-2 and megakaryocyte-specific genes. We show that Ets-1 binds to and activates the GATA-2 promoter, in vitro and in vivo, indicating that one of the pathways through which Ets-1 blocks erythroid and promotes MK differentiation is via upmodulation of GATA-2 expression.

PMID:
16294212
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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