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Ultrason Sonochem. 2006 Feb;13(2):143-9. Epub 2005 Apr 1.

The use of a micro-bubble agent to enhance rabbit liver destruction using high intensity focused ultrasound.

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  • 1Institute of Ultrasound Engineering in Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, PR China.


Liver tissues in New Zealand rabbits were ablated using high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU, 14300 W/cm(2), 1.0 MHz). The animals were intravenously administered 0.2 ml of micro-bubble agent in the experimental (n=20) group and an isovolumetric normal saline solution in the control (n=27) group before HIFU treatment which was performed as a linear scan. In both groups, the preselected tissue volumes were destroyed without harming the overlying tissues. Necrosis rate (NR, cm(3)/s) was used to reflect the ablation efficiency, which was the tissue volume of occurring coagulative necrosis per 1s HIFU exposure. NR was improved in the experimental group (0.0570+/-0.0433 vs 0.0120+/-0.0122, P=0.0002). Pathological studies confirmed that there were no residual intact targets within the exposed volume. These findings suggested that the introduction of the micro-bubble agent enhanced HIFU liver destruction.

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