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J Clin Microbiol. 1992 Jul;30(7):1743-51.

Immunoglobulin G antibodies to Helicobacter pylori in patients with dyspeptic symptoms investigated by the western immunoblot technique.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Microbiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.


Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative, curved, rod-shaped bacterium known to cause gastritis and to be an important factor in the pathogenesis of peptic ulcers. Serological testing has recently been proposed as an aid in diagnosis of H. pylori infections. In this study, we used the Western immunoblot technique to evaluate the possibility of using one or more of the antigens from H. pylori for this purpose. Thirteen major bands and about 30 minor bands could be identified by Western blotting when sera from 53 consecutive dyspeptic patients, 27 healthy children, and 25 blood donors were evaluated. Antibodies against most of the major bands were found significantly more frequently in patients with H. pylori infections than in patients without such infections. However, antibodies against a single polypeptide were not produced by all patients with H. pylori infection. Polypeptides with molecular masses of 120, 50, and between 19 and 36 kDa seem to be the most specific polypeptides for the diagnosis of H. pylori infections. This study showed only minor differences in antigenic composition between different clinical isolates of H. pylori, and serological cross-reactions with other bacteria were limited. Major serological cross-reactions were found only with Campylobacter jejuni and with bacterial lipopolysaccharide. However, one band at 60 kDa reacted with antiserum to the Legionella micdadei common antigen, which may indicate a cross-reaction with common antigen from several other bacteria. This study demonstrates that a number of bands may be useful as antigens in serological tests after isolation and purification.

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