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Emerg Radiol. 2005 Dec;12(1-2):44-6. Epub 2005 Nov 16.

Syncope and head CT scans in the emergency department.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Patients presenting with syncope to the emergency department (ED) of a community hospital were evaluated.

AIM:

The objective of this study is to examine the use and results of head computerized tomography (CT) scans in patients presenting with syncope to the ED of a community hospital.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN:

A retrospective chart review of patients presenting with syncope to the emergency room was conducted.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

We reviewed the charts of patients who presented to the ED over a 6-month period with syncope. When performed, head CT scan findings were noted, and their relationship to the clinical presentation was examined.

RESULTS:

One hundred twenty-eight patients were identified. Forty-four patients had their head CT scans performed. In 1 patient, the CT scan showed evidence of infarction in the posterior circulation. In 19 patients, the head CT scan was normal. Twenty-four patients had abnormal findings unrelated to the ED presentation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Head CT scans were commonly used in our series of syncope patients. Abnormal findings pertinent to the syncope were observed in only 1 patient. A prospective study examining yield in a larger series of patients may help define the utility of this neuroimaging modality in syncope.

PMID:
16292675
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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