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Respir Res. 2005 Nov 15;6:137.

Characterization of lymphocyte populations in nonspecific interstitial pneumonia.

Author information

  • 1Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. keogh.karina@mayo.edu

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) has been identified as a distinct entity with a more favorable prognosis and better response to immunosuppressive therapies than usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). However the inflammatory profile of NSIP has not been characterized.

DESIGN:

Using immunohistochemistry techniques on open lung biopsy specimens, the infiltrate in NSIP was characterized in terms of T and B cells, and macrophages, and the T cell population further identified as either CD4 (helper) or CD8 (suppressor-cytotoxic) T cells. The extent of Th1 and Th2 cytokine producing cells was determined and compared to specimens from patients with UIP.

RESULTS:

In ten NSIP tissue samples 41.4 +/- 4% of mononuclear cells expressed CD3, 24.7 +/- 1.8% CD4, 19.1 +/- 2% CD8, 27.4 +/- 3.9% CD20, and 14.3 +/- 1.6% had CD68 expression. Mononuclear cells expressed INFgamma 21.9 +/- 1.9% of the time and IL-4 in 3.0 +/- 1%. In contrast, biopsies from eight patients with UIP demonstrated substantially less cellular staining for either cytokine (INFgamma; 4.6 +/- 1.7% and IL-4; 0.6 +/- 0.3%). Significant populations of CD20 positive B-cells were also identified.

CONCLUSION:

The lymphocytic infiltrate in NSIP is characterized by an elevated CD4/CD8 T-cell ratio, and is predominantly of Th1 type, with additional populations rich in B-cells. Such features are consistent with the favorable clinical course observed in patients with NSIP compared to UIP.

PMID:
16287509
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1308868
Free PMC Article

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