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Leukemia. 2006 Jan;20(1):87-94.

Prognostic value of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with favorable cytogenetics [t(8;21) and inv(16)].

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  • 1Hematology Department, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

Most patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and t(8;21) or inv(16) have a good prognosis with current anthracycline- and cytarabine-based protocols. Tandem analysis with flow cytometry (FC) and real-time RT-PCR (RQ-PCR) was applied to 55 patients, 28 harboring a t(8;21) and 27 an inv(16), including one case with a novel CBFbeta/MYH11 transcript. A total of 31% (n=17) of CR patients relapsed: seven with t(8;21) and 10 with inv(16). The mean amount of minimal residual disease (MRD) detected by FC in relapsed and nonrelapsed patients was markedly different: 0.3 vs 0.08% (P=0.002) at the end of treatment. The mean number of fusion transcript copies/ ABL x 10(4) also differed between relapsed and non-relapsed patients: 2385 vs 122 (P=0.001) after induction, 56 vs 7.6 after intensification (P=0.0001) and 75 vs 3.3 (P=0.0001) at the end of chemotherapy. Relapses were more common in patients with FC MRD level >0.1% at the end of treatment than in patients with < or = 0.1%: cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) was 67 and 21% (P=0.03), respectively. Likewise, using RQ-PCR, a cutoff level of >10 copies at the end of treatment correlated with a high risk of relapse: CIR was 75% for patients with RQ-PCR >10 compared to 21% for patients with RQ-PCR levels < or = 10 (P=0.04). Combined use of FC and RQ-PCR may improve MRD detection, and provide useful clinical information on relapse kinetics in AML patients.

PMID:
16281071
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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