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J Am Soc Nephrol. 1992 Mar;2(9):1430-5.

Clinical outcome of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis predicted by urea and creatinine kinetics.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

Abstract

The effectiveness of urea kinetics (Kt/V, where K is urea clearance, t is treatment time, and V is the volume of distribution for urea) to assess the adequacy of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and clinical outcome has not been established prospectively, and cross-sectional clinical studies have been inconclusive. A minimum weekly creatinine clearance of 40 to 50 L is recommended, but the adequacy of this dose is unproven. We introduced a simpler approach to creatinine kinetics in the form of an efficacy number (EN) calculated from data obtained in a standardized 4-h dwell exchange. To determine the most effective model for predicting CAPD adequacy, residual renal function, weekly Kt/V urea, weekly creatinine clearance standardized to body surface area, and EN (liters per gram of creatinine per day) were measured in 18 stable CAPD patients followed prospectively for at least 12 months. Patients were divided into three groups, good (G), intermediate (I), and poor (P), on the basis of uremic symptoms, mortality, hospital days, biochemical indices, and the need for transfer to hemodialysis. When comparing groups G (N = 6) and P (N = 8), weekly Kt/V were 2.3 +/- 0.2 versus 1.5 +/- 0.1 (P less than 0.005), weekly creatinine clearances were 71.5 +/- 8.6 versus 35.1 +/- 1.3 L (P less than 0.001), and EN were 7.4 +/- 0.8 versus 3.6 +/- 0.2 L/g of creatinine/day (P less than 0.005). Creatinine kinetics (weekly clearance and EN) but not urea kinetics could differentiate group I (N = 4) from groups G or P. Both urea and creatinine kinetics predict clinical outcome in CAPD.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
1627765
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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