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Circulation. 2005 Nov 15;112(20):3157-67. Epub 2005 Nov 7.

Noninvasive targeted imaging of matrix metalloproteinase activation in a murine model of postinfarction remodeling.

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  • 1Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8017, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Time-dependent activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) after myocardial infarction (MI) contributes to adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling; however, noninvasive methods to monitor this process serially are needed.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

MMP-targeted radiotracers were developed that displayed selective binding kinetics to the active MMP catalytic domain. Initial nonimaging studies were performed with a (111)In-labeled MMP-targeted radiotracer ((111)In-RP782) and negative control compound ((111)In-RP788) in control mice (Ctrl) and in mice 1 week after surgically induced MI. Localization of (111)In-RP782 was demonstrated within the MI by microautoradiography. A 334+/-44% increase (P<0.001 versus Ctrl) in relative retention of (111)In-RP782 was confirmed by gamma well counting of myocardium. Subsequent high-resolution dual-isotope planar and hybrid micro-single-photon emission computed tomography/CT imaging studies with an analogous 99mTc-labeled MMP-targeted radiotracer (99mTc-RP805) and 201Tl demonstrated favorable biodistribution and clearance kinetics of 99mTc-RP805 for in vivo cardiac imaging, with robust retention 1 to 3 weeks after MI in regions of decreased 201Tl perfusion. Gamma well counting yielded a similar approximately 300% increase in relative myocardial retention of 99mTc-RP805 in MI regions (Ctrl, 102+/-9%; 1 week, 351+/-77%; 2 weeks, 291+/-45%; 3 weeks, 292+/-41%; P<0.05 versus Ctrl). Myocardial uptake in the MI region was also significantly increased approximately 5-fold when expressed as percentage injected dose per gram tissue. There was also a significant 2-fold increase in myocardial activity in remote regions relative to control mice, suggesting activation of MMPs in regions remote from the MI.

CONCLUSIONS:

This novel noninvasive targeted MMP radiotracer imaging approach holds significant diagnostic potential for in vivo localization of MMP activation and tracking of MMP-mediated post-MI remodeling.

PMID:
16275862
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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