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Nitric Oxide. 2006 Feb;14(1):45-50. Epub 2005 Nov 7.

Imidazole derivatives as antioxidants and selective inhibitors of nNOS.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Medical Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Catania, Italy.


The reperfusion of ischemic tissue often delays its physiological and functional recovery; this paradoxical effect is ascribed to increased release of free radicals including O(2)(-) and NO. For these reasons, scavenging reactive oxygen species or inhibition the NO synthesis has been shown to result in an enhanced neuronal survival after cerebral ischemia. Many authors believe that therapy for stroke patients would be a cocktail of drugs with various mechanisms of action. Combination therapy is a difficult and complicated avenue for drug development because of the possibility of drug-drug interactions. An alternative approach would be to combine multiple activities within the same compound. In consideration of the free-radical scavenging and inhibitory effect on NOS of various natural and synthetic compounds, the aim of this study was to analyze the antioxidant properties of some imidazole derivatives previously synthesized in our laboratory. Results obtained in the present study provide evidence that tested compounds exhibit interesting antioxidant properties, expressed either by their capacity to scavenge free radicals or their ability to reduce lipid peroxidation. In particular, compounds A and B represent chemical structures which can be easily modified to improve the observed antioxidant properties and to provide new therapeutic strategies focused on multiple downstream events.

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