Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
J Psychiatr Res. 2006 Sep;40(6):477-86. Epub 2005 Nov 3.

Lifetime associations between cannabis, use, abuse, and dependence and panic attacks in a representative sample.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, 2 Colchester Avenue, John Dewey Hall, 05450 Burlington, VT 05450-0134, United States. Michael.Zvolensky@uvm.edu <Michael.Zvolensky@uvm.edu>

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The present investigation evaluated lifetime associations between cannabis use, abuse, and dependence and panic attacks after controlling for alcohol abuse, polysubstance use, and demographic variables.

METHODS:

Data for this study were obtained as part of a large statewide survey, the Colorado Social Health Survey (CSHS). Participants were contacted using randomly sampled household addresses (72% response rate) and interviews took place in participants' homes. Participants consisted of a representative sample from the Colorado general adult population (n=4745; 52% female). The Diagnostic Interview Schedule was administered to obtain diagnoses.

RESULTS:

After controlling for polysubstance use, alcohol abuse, and demographic variables, lifetime history of cannabis dependence, but not use or abuse, was significantly related to an increased risk of panic attacks. Additionally, among participants reporting a lifetime history of both panic attacks and cannabis use, the age of onset of panic attacks (M=19.0 years of age) was significantly earlier than for individuals with a lifetime panic attack history but no cannabis use (M=27.6 years of age).

CONCLUSIONS:

Structured interview data suggest lifetime cannabis dependence is significantly associated with an increased risk of panic attacks.

PMID:
16271364
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk