Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Thromb Haemost. 2005 Oct;94(4):787-90.

Tissue factor pathway inhibitor and the risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism.

Author information

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine I, Div of Hematology/Hemostasis, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.


Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) regulates factor X activation. Low TFPI is a risk factor for a first venous thrombosis. We evaluated whether low TFPI confers an increased risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE). TFPI-free antigen was measured in 611 patients with a first spontaneous VTE, and who were prospectively followed after withdrawal of anticoagulation. The endpoint was symptomatic recurrent VTE. The relative risk (RR) of recurrence increased from 1.0 (95% CI 0.4-2.6) in patients with TFPI levels < or = 5th percentile to 2.7 (95% CI 1.0-7.4) in patients with levels < or = 2nd percentile as compared with higher levels. At five years, the probability of recurrence was 48.6% (95th CI 19.0-78.1) among patients with TFPI < or = 2nd percentile and 16.8% (95th CI 13.8-19.8) among those with higher levels (p=0.04). Compared to patients with wild type factor V and high TFPI, the RR of recurrence was 1.1 (95% CI 0.7-1.7) in patients with factor V Leiden and high TFPI, 2.3 (95% CI 0.6-9.5) in patients with wild type factor V and low TFPI and 3.5 (95% CI 0.9-14.3) in patients with factor V Leiden and low TFPI. In a multivariate analysis,the high risk of recurrence in carriers of factor V Leiden and low TFPI slightly decreased [RR 2.8 (95% CI 0.6-9.5)]. We conclude that thrombosis patients with low levels of free TFPI are at an increased risk of recurrent VTE.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Schattauer Verlag
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk