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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2006 Jan;26(1):224-30. Epub 2005 Nov 3.

Adiponectin acts as an endogenous antithrombotic factor.

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  • 1Department of Hematology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Obesity is a common risk factor in insulin resistance and cardiovascular diseases. Although hypoadiponectinemia is associated with obesity-related metabolic and vascular diseases, the role of adiponectin in thrombosis remains elusive.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We investigated platelet thrombus formation in adiponectin knockout (APN-KO) male mice (8 to 12 weeks old) fed on a normal diet. There was no significant difference in platelet counts or coagulation parameters between wild-type (WT) and APN-KO mice. However, APN-KO mice showed an accelerated thrombus formation on carotid arterial injury with a He-Ne laser (total thrombus volume: 13.36+/-4.25 x 10(7) arbitrary units for APN-KO and 6.74+/-2.87x10(7) arbitrary units for WT; n=10; P<0.01). Adenovirus-mediated supplementation of adiponectin attenuated the enhanced thrombus formation. In vitro thrombus formation on a type I collagen at a shear rate of 250 s(-1), as well as platelet aggregation induced by low concentrations of agonists, was enhanced in APN-KO mice, and recombinant adiponectin inhibited the enhanced platelet aggregation. In WT mice, adenovirus-mediated overexpression of adiponectin additionally attenuated thrombus formation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Adiponectin deficiency leads to enhanced thrombus formation and platelet aggregation. The present study reveals a new role of adiponectin as an endogenous antithrombotic factor.

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