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Circ Res. 2005 Nov 25;97(11):1090-2. Epub 2005 Nov 3.

Restoration of cardiac progenitor cells after myocardial infarction by self-proliferation and selective homing of bone marrow-derived stem cells.

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  • 1Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Abstract

Tissue-specific progenitor cells contribute to local cellular regeneration and maintain organ function. Recently, we have determined that cardiac side-population (CSP) cells represent a distinct cardiac progenitor cell population, capable of in vitro differentiation into functional cardiomyocytes. The response of endogenous CSP to myocardial injury, however, and the cellular mechanisms that maintain this cardiac progenitor cell pool in vivo remain unknown. In this report we demonstrate that local progenitor cell proliferation maintains CSP under physiologic conditions, with little contribution from extracardiac stem cell sources. Following myocardial infarction in adult mice, however, CSP cells are acutely depleted, both within the infarct and noninfarct areas. CSP pools are subsequently reconstituted to baseline levels within 7 days after myocardial infarction, through both proliferation of resident CSP cells, as well as through homing of bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMC) to specific areas of myocardial injury and immunophenotypic conversion of BMC to adopt a CSP phenotype. We, therefore, conclude that following myocardial injury, cardiac progenitor cell populations are acutely depleted and are reconstituted to normal levels by both self-proliferation and selective homing of BMC. Understanding and enhancing such processes hold enormous potential for therapeutic myocardial regeneration.

PMID:
16269652
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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