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J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2005 Aug;51(4):211-5.

Comparative effects of vitamin K and vitamin D supplementation on calcium balance in young rats fed normal or low calcium diets.

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  • 1Department of Sports Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan. jiwamoto@sc.itc.keio.ac.jp

Abstract

We examined the effect of vitamin K and vitamin D supplementation on calcium balance in young rats fed a normal or low calcium diet. Eighty female Sprague-Dawley rats, 6 wk of age, were randomized by the stratified weight method into eight groups with 10 rats in each group: 0.5% (normal) or 0.1% (low) calcium diet, 0.5% or 0.1% calcium diet+vitamin K (vitamin K2, menatetrenone, 30 mg/100 g, food intake), 0.5% or 0.1% calcium diet+vitamin D (25 microg/100 g, food intake), and 0.5% or 0.1% calcium diet+vitamin K+vitamin D. The duration of the study was 10 wk. Vitamin K supplementation promoted the reduction in urinary calcium excretion and retarded the abnormal elevation of serum PTH level in rats fed a low calcium diet, and stimulated intestinal calcium absorption in rats fed a normal calcium diet. Vitamin D supplementation stimulated intestinal calcium absorption with prevention of the abnormal elevation of serum PTH levels and prevented hypocalcemia in rats fed a low calcium diet, and stimulated intestinal calcium absorption in rats fed a normal calcium diet. The stimulation of intestinal calcium absorption was associated with increased serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels. An additive effect of vitamin K and vitamin D on intestinal calcium absorption was found only in rats fed a normal calcium diet. This study shows the differential effects of vitamin K and vitamin D supplementation on calcium balance in young rats fed a normal or low calcium diet.

PMID:
16261991
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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