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Public Health. 2006 Feb;120(2):145-54. Epub 2005 Nov 2.

Vaccination coverage in the South-East Anatolian Project (SEAP) region and factors influencing low coverage.

Author information

  • 1Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Gaziantep University, 27310 Gaziantep, Turkey. ozcirpici@gantep.edu.tr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the vaccination coverage of children living in the South-east Anatolian Project (SEAP) region; whether the vaccination coverage was similar to formal reports, other studies and other countries; and which factors influence vaccination, in order to indicate how vaccination coverage can be improved.

STUDY DESIGN:

A descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in nine provinces of the SEAP region in order to determine public health problems and their causes.

METHODS:

A population-based sample of 1150 houses was selected from rural and urban areas of the SEAP region and visited by the researchers. Questionnaires were applied in 2001 and 2002.

RESULTS:

In the SEAP region, only 30% of children had received a complete set of vaccines. The vaccination coverage was 76.7% for Bacille Calmette-Guérin; 62.0% for the third doses of diphtheria, tetanus toxoid, pertussis and polio vaccine; 62.7% for measles; 44% for the third dose of hepatitis B vaccine in children aged 12-23 months; and 13.3% for the second dose of tetanus toxoid in women who gave birth in the last 5 years. In logistic regression analysis, residence type, number of siblings, birth interval, follow-up visits of midwives, and maternal level of education were found to influence whether children were completely vaccinated.

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings of this study indicate that vaccination coverage is not acceptable in the SEAP region. Efforts must focus on family planning services, education of women, follow-up visits and strengthening health facilities, especially in rural regions, to improve vaccination.

PMID:
16260009
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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