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Am J Cardiol. 2005 Nov 1;96(9):1299-303. Epub 2005 Sep 13.

Analysis of left ventricular systolic function using midwall mechanics in patients >60 years of age with hypertensive heart disease and heart failure.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

Normal ejection fraction (EFs) is often equated with normal systolic function. However, midwall mechanics reveal systolic dysfunction in hypertensive heart disease accompanied by hypertrophic remodeling. Midwall mechanics are unstudied in patients with acute diastolic heart failure (HF). This study analyzed left ventricular (LV) midwall stress-shortening relations in 61 patients aged >60 years with hypertensive heart disease, HF, and normal EF. Sixty-one hypertensive patients (mean age 78 +/- 10 years) who presented with HF, each with an EF >50%, underwent echocardiography. Midwall mechanics were compared with those of 79 controls (mean age 75 +/- 8 years) without structural heart disease. Relative wall thickness (0.63 +/- 0.11 vs 0.46 +/- 0.10 mm) and LV mass (237 +/- 67 vs 177 +/- 57 g) were significantly greater in patients with HF compared with controls. Mean EFs were similar in patients with HF and controls (64 +/- 9% vs 67 +/- 9%). Although mean endocardial fractional shortening (35 +/- 7% vs 37 +/- 7%) was not significantly different, midwall shortening in patients with HF was significantly less compared with controls (16 +/- 2% vs 19 +/- 3%, p <0.05). Eighteen of the 61 patients with HF (30%) had midwall shortening that was <95% confidence intervals of the normal midwall stress-shortening relations. By this criterion, these patients had systolic dysfunction despite normal EF; they had smaller LV chambers (in dimension and volume), greater relative wall thickness, and smaller stroke volumes. In conclusion, almost 1/3 of patients hospitalized with diastolic HF had systolic dysfunction, characterized by abnormal midwall stress-shortening relations.

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