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J Chromatogr A. 2006 Jan 6;1101(1-2):171-8. Epub 2005 Oct 24.

Immobilized versus coated amylose tris(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate) chiral stationary phases for the enantioselective separation of cyclopropane derivatives by liquid chromatography.

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  • 1Centre for Clinical Research (MBC-03-95), King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, P.O. Box 3354, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia. ghanem@kfshrc.edu.sa

Abstract

The solvent versatility of Chiralpak IA, a new chiral stationary phase (CSP) containing amylose tris(3,5-dimethylphenylcarabamate) immobilized onto silica gel, is investigated for the enantioselective separation of a set of cyclopropane derivatives using ethyl acetate or dichloromethane (DCM) as non-standard mobile phase eluent and diluent, respectively in high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). A comparison of the separation of cyclopropanes on both immobilized and coated amylose tris(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate) chiral stationary phases (Chiralpak IA and Chiralpak AD, respectively) in HPLC using a mixture of n-hexane/2-propanol (90/10 and 99/1, v/v) as mobile phase with a flow rate of 0.5 ml/min and UV detection at 254 nm, is demonstrated. The optimized method of separation is used for an online HPLC monitoring for the Rh(II)-catalyzed asymmetric intermolecular cyclopropanations in dichloromethane. Direct analysis techniques without further purification, workup or removal of dichloromethane were summarized. The method provides an easy and direct determination of the enantiomeric excess of the cyclopropanes and selectivity of the catalyst used without any further work up.

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