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Biosens Bioelectron. 2005 Nov 15;21(5):719-26.

Comparison of surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and quartz crystal microbalance techniques for studying DNA assembly and hybridization.

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  • 1Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602, Singapore. xd-su@imre.a-star.edu.sg

Abstract

In this study we evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy and quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) technique for studying DNA assembly and hybridization reactions. Specifically, we apply in parallel an SPR instrument and a 5 MHz QCM device with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) to monitor the assembly of biotinylated DNA (biotin-DNA) on a streptavidin-modified surface and the subsequent target DNA hybridization. Through the parallel measurements, we demonstrate that SPR is more suitable for quantitative analysis of DNA binding amount, which is essential for interfacial DNA probe density control and for the analysis of its effect on hybridization efficiency and kinetics. Although the QCM is not quantitative to the same extent as SPR (QCM measures the total mass of the bound DNA molecules together with the associated water), the dissipation factor of the QCM provides a qualitative measure of the viscoelastic properties of DNA films and the conformation of the bound DNA molecules. The complexity in mass measurement does not impair QCM's potential for a kinetic evaluation of the hybridization processes. For quantification of target DNA, the biotin-DNA modified SPR and QCM sensors are exposed to target DNA with increasing concentration. The plots of SPR/QCM signals versus target DNA concentration show that water entrapment between DNA strands make the QCM sensitivity for the hybridization assay well comparable with that of the SPR, although the intrinsic mass sensitivity of the 5 MHz QCM is approximately 20 times lower.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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