Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Int J Med Microbiol. 2005 Oct;295(6-7):455-62.

Virulence factors of septicemic Escherichia coli strains.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, The George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel.

Abstract

Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli strains (ExPEC) are the cause of a diverse spectrum of invasive human and animal infections, often leading to septicemia. This review deals with the virulence genes of septicemic ExPEC strains. We discuss the meaning of a virulence gene and survey the genomic, genetic and physiological studies on these strains. Apparently, there are a few virulence factors, which are conserved in the septicemic strains, implying that they are essential for the infection. For the other virulence-related genes a high level of diversity is observed, demonstrating that all stages of the infection can be mediated by a number of alternative virulence factors. The variable profile of virulence genes in septicemic E. coli strains, as well as a prevalence of mobility-related sequences point out the existence of a "mix and match" combinatorial system.

PMID:
16238019
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk