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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1992 Jul;52(1):6-10.

Verapamil inhibits ethanol elimination and prolongs the perception of intoxication.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacy Practice, University of Washington, Seattle 98195.

Abstract

Ten young healthy men received verapamil (80 mg every 8 hours for 6 days) or placebo in a blinded, randomized, crossover design. On the sixth day, ethanol was administered as a single oral dose (0.8 gm/kg), and blood samples were collected over the following 12 hours for determination of verapamil, norverapamil, and ethanol concentrations. Compared with placebo, verapamil increased the peak blood ethanol concentration (106.45 +/- 21.40 to 124.24 +/- 24.74 mg/dl, p less than 0.05) and area under the ethanol concentration versus time curve (365.67 +/- 93.52 to 475.07 +/- 97.24 mg.hr/dl, p less than 0.005). Verapamil areas under the concentration versus time curves (AUC) were positively correlated (r = 0.71, p less than 0.05) to increased ethanol blood AUC values. Each subject's perception of ethanol intoxication was measured by use of a simple visual analog scale. Compared with placebo, verapamil significantly increased area under the effect versus time curve (10.19 +/- 7.6 to 13.83 +/- 7.81 cm.hr, p less than 0.002) but did not change the peak effect or time to peak effect. Ethanol effect versus concentration plots were not significantly different between verapamil and placebo treatment phases when increased ethanol concentrations during verapamil therapy were taken into account. The findings of our study suggest that verapamil significantly inhibits ethanol elimination, resulting in elevated blood ethanol concentrations that prolong the intoxicating effects of alcohol.

PMID:
1623692
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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