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Adv Ther. 2005 May-Jun;22(3):244-62.

A systematic approach to diabetic foot infections.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedics/Podiatry Division, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA.

Abstract

Foot infection is the most common reason for hospitalization and subsequent lower extremity amputation among persons with diabetes. Foot ulceration caused by diabetic neuropathy, trauma, and peripheral vascular disease can lead to a limbor life-threatening infection. The optimum treatment of these potentially devastating conditions depends on a multidisciplinary approach that addresses the related or underlying disorders and thus ensures proper wound healing and a positive outcome. In addition to antibiotic therapy, severe soft-tissue or bone infections may necessitate surgical treatment, including drainage, d├ębridement, and vascular reconstruction. Initial (empiric) antibiotic therapy should provide coverage against staphylococci and streptococci and should be revised according culture results. Antibiotic therapy is not indicated in clinically noninfected wounds. The duration of antibiotic treatment can range from 1 week for mild infections to 6 weeks or more for residual osteomyelitis and severe deep tissue infections. Aggressive (and sometimes repeated or staged) surgical intervention and appropriate antibiotic therapy can reduce the likelihood of a major amputation and the duration of hospitalization.

PMID:
16236686
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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