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J Biosci Bioeng. 2001;92(6):585-9.

Non-repressing carbon sources for alcohol oxidase (AOX1) promoter of Pichia pastoris.

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  • 1Biological Process Development Facility, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583-0919, USA.


The growth of Pichia pastoris in a mixture of either glycerol or glucose and methanol follows a diauxic growth, with C1 utilizing enzymes being repressed. Therefore, these carbon sources can not be used as a mixture with methanol to simultaneously grow P. pastoris and induce C1 utilizing enzymes, especially in a shake flask cultures of AOX-deficient P. pastoris. Among the alternative carbon sources tested, alanine, sorbitol, mannitol and trehalose, did not repress beta-gal production when methanol was used as an inducer in mut- strain of P. pastoris. Our results show that either one of alanine, sorbitol, mannitol or trehalose can be used as a sole carbon and energy source for P. pastoris, although the doubling time on trehalose was very long. Mut- strains growing in media containing trehalose, alanine, sorbitol and mannitol with methanol (0.5%) as an inducing agent expressed as much or higher amount of beta-gal as compared to the mut+ growing in methanol containing media.

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