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J Biosci Bioeng. 2001;92(3):277-84.

Proteome analysis of a temperature-inducible recombinant Escherichia coli for poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate production.

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  • 1Department of Biochemical Engineering and Science, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Iizuka, Fukuoka 820-8502, Japan.


A recombinant Escherichia coli strain harboring the lambdap(R)-p(L) promoter and heterologous poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) biosynthesis genes was shown to accumulate PHB when the incubation temperature was changed from 34 degrees C to temperatures higher than 37 degrees C. In the present research, total gene expression patterns of the recombinant E. coli before and after induction were investigated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Proteins encoded by serS, sucC, trpA, and alaS were found to be expressed before induction of phb genes at a culture temperature of 34 degrees C. On the other hand, proteins encoded by metG, rplI, and carA were found to be expressed after induction achieved by increasing the temperature to 40 degrees C. In the case of plasmid-free cells, all the selected genes have been shown to be expressed except metG, and ibpA and ibpB among the heat-shock proteins. The heat-shock proteins were found to be upregulated upon induction of phb genes, which may be due to the stress caused by the accumulation of PHB granules as well as by the temperature upshift. The changes in the expression of some of the metabolic pathway-related proteins before and after induction were interpreted in relation to the consumption of NADPH and acetyl-CoA for PHB synthesis.

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