Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Cell Biol. 2005 Nov;25(21):9586-94.

Systematic study of sequence motifs for RNA trans splicing in Trypanosoma brucei.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Molecular Parasitology, Box 185, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA.

Abstract

mRNA maturation in Trypanosoma brucei depends upon trans splicing, and variations in trans-splicing efficiency could be an important step in controlling the levels of individual mRNAs. RNA splicing requires specific sequence elements, including conserved 5' splice sites, branch points, pyrimidine-rich regions [poly(Y) tracts], 3' splice sites (3'SS), and sometimes enhancer elements. To analyze sequence requirements for efficient trans splicing in the poly(Y) tract and around the 3'SS, we constructed a luciferase-beta-galactosidase double-reporter system. By testing approximately 90 sequences, we demonstrated that the optimum poly(Y) tract length is approximately 25 nucleotides. Interspersing a purely uridine-containing poly(Y) tract with cytidine resulted in increased trans-splicing efficiency, whereas purines led to a large decrease. The position of the poly(Y) tract relative to the 3'SS is important, and an AC dinucleotide at positions -3 and -4 can lead to a 20-fold decrease in trans splicing. However, efficient trans splicing can be restored by inserting a second AG dinucleotide downstream, which does not function as a splice site but may aid in recruitment of the splicing machinery. These findings should assist in the development of improved algorithms for computationally identifying a 3'SS and help to discriminate noncoding open reading frames from true genes in current efforts to annotate the T. brucei genome.

PMID:
16227607
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1265811
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (7)Free text

FIG. 1.
FIG. 2.
FIG. 3.
FIG. 4.
FIG. 5.
FIG. 6.
FIG. 7.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk