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Eur J Cell Biol. 2005 Sep;84(9):765-81.

Lamins A and C are differentially dysfunctional in autosomal dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy.

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  • 1The Randall Division of Cell and Molecular Biophysics, Kings College, New Hunts House, Guy's Campus, London SE1 1UL, UK.

Abstract

Mutations in the LMNA gene, which encodes nuclear lamins A and C by alternative splicing, can give rise to Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. The mechanism by which lamins A and C separately contribute to this molecular phenotype is unknown. To address this question we examined ten LMNA mutations exogenously expressed as lamins A and C in COS-7 cells. Eight of the mutations when expressed in lamin A, exhibited a range of nuclear mislocalisation patterns. However, two mutations (T150P and delQ355) almost completely relocated exogenous lamin A from the nuclear envelope to the cytoplasm, disrupted nuclear envelope reassembly following cell division and altered the protein composition of the mid-body. In contrast, exogenously expressed DsRed2-tagged mutant lamin C constructs were only inserted into the nuclear lamina if co-expressed with any EGFP-tagged lamin A construct, except with one carrying the T150P mutation. The T150P, R527P and L530P mutations reduced the ability of lamin A, but not lamin C from binding to emerin. These data identify specific functional roles for the emerin-lamin C- and emerin-lamin A- containing protein complexes and is the first report to suggest that the A-type lamin mutations may be differentially dysfunctional for the same LMNA mutation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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