Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Circulation. 2005 Oct 11;112(15):2276-85.

Myeloid differentiation factor-88 plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of Coxsackievirus B3-induced myocarditis and influences type I interferon production.

Author information

  • 1Heart and Stroke/Richard Lewar Centre of Excellence, University of Toronto, Division of Cardiology, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Myeloid differentiation factor (MyD)-88 is a key adaptor protein that plays a major role in the innate immune pathway. How MyD88 may regulate host response in inflammatory heart disease is unknown.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We found that the cardiac protein level of MyD88 was significantly increased in the hearts of wild-type mice after exposure to Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3). MyD88(-/-) mice showed a dramatic higher survival rate (86%) in contrast to the low survival (35%) in the MyD88(+/+) mice after CVB3 infection (P<0.0001). Pathological examination showed a significant decrease of cardiac and pancreatic inflammation in the MyD88(-/-) mice. Viral concentrations in the hearts were significantly decreased in the MyD88(-/-) mice. Cardiac mRNA levels for interleukin (IL)-1beta, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interferon (IFN)-gamma, and IL-18 were significantly decreased in the MyD88(-/-) mice. Similarly, serum levels of T-helper 1 cytokines were significantly decreased in the MyD88(-/-) mice. In contrast, cardiac protein levels of the activated interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-3 and IFN-beta were significantly increased in the MyD88(-/-) mice but not other usual upstream signals to IRF-3. The cardiac expression of coxsackie-adenoviral receptor and p56(lck) were also significantly decreased.

CONCLUSIONS:

MyD88 appears to be a key contributor to cardiac inflammation, mediating cytokine production and T-helper-1/2 cytokine balance, increasing coxsackie-adenoviral receptor and p56(lck) expression and viral titers after CVB3 exposure. Absence of MyD88 confers host protection possibly through novel direct activation of IRF-3 and IFN-beta.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk