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Heart. 2006 May;92(5):664-70. Epub 2005 Oct 10.

Response to bosentan in children with pulmonary hypertension.

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  • 1Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, University College London, London, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe an early experience of treating 40 children with the dual endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan, which is known to be safe and effective in adults with pulmonary hypertension (PH).

DESIGN:

In this retrospective, observational study the UK Service for Pulmonary Hypertension for children treated 40 children with bosentan, 20 with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) (mean age 8.03 years, range 1.2-17) and 20 with PH associated with other conditions (congenital heart disease, parenchymal lung or connective tissue disease, or HIV). Their mean age was 8.3 years (range 0.6-16 years).

PATIENTS:

39 patients were in World Health Organization (WHO) class III and IV, and all had shown recent deterioration. In IPAH the mean pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) was 21.7 units.m2 (range 5.6-42.8). In secondary PH the mean PVR was 18 units.m2 (range 4.9-49). No child had a positive response to vasodilator testing with nitric oxide.

INTERVENTIONS:

Bosentan was given as first line treatment to 25. Nine were given intravenous epoprostenol. Children were treated for a mean of 12.7 months (range 2-24 months).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Response to treatment was judged by WHO functional class, six minute walk test, weight, ECG and echocardiographic findings, and need to add additional treatment.

RESULTS:

Bosentan was well tolerated. In the IPAH group 19 (95%) stabilised with bosentan treatment but 12 (60%) patients needed combined treatment with epoprostenol. In secondary PH, WHO class, six minute walk test, and weight gain improved significantly.

CONCLUSION:

Bosentan helped stabilise children with IPAH but intravenous epoprostenol was also needed by 60%. Children with secondary PH improved.

PMID:
16216850
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1860919
Free PMC Article
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