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Am J Kidney Dis. 1992 Jul;20(1):42-9.

Effects of ascorbic acid and pyridoxine supplementation on oxalate metabolism in peritoneal dialysis patients.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Long Beach, CA 90822.

Abstract

We studied the effect of vitamin C and B6 supplementation on oxalate metabolism in seven patients receiving chronic peritoneal dialysis therapy. The study was divided into three phases, each lasting 4 weeks. Plasma oxalate, total ascorbic acid, and pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP) were measured at the end of each phase. Twenty-four-hour urinary excretion and dialysate removal rates of oxalate were also obtained. At the end of phase I (supplement-free period), plasma oxalate levels were markedly elevated at 47.6 +/- 7.1 mumol/L (437 +/- 66 micrograms/dL) (normal, 3.4 +/- 0.4 mumol/L [30.3 +/- 1.6 micrograms/dL]). Plasma total ascorbic acid levels were 62 +/- 6 mumol/L (1.0 +/- 0.1 mg/dL) (normal, 45 to 57 mumol/L [0.8 to 1.0 mg/dL]), while plasma PLP levels were markedly reduced to 24 +/- 5 nmol/L (normal, 40 to 80 nmol/L). Daily supplements of 0.57 mmol (100 mg) ascorbic acid orally (phase II) resulted in a 19% increase in the plasma oxalate levels to 57.8 +/- 6.1 mumol/L (520 +/- 55 micrograms/dL) (P less than 0.03), with a concomitant 60% increase in the plasma ascorbate levels (91 +/- 6 mumol/L [1.6 +/- 0.1 mg/dL], P less than 0.01). Plasma PLP values remained low. Finally, during phase III (0.57 mmol or 100 mg ascorbic acid plus 59.6 mumol or 10 mg pyridoxine HCI orally daily), plasma oxalate levels declined by 17% to 47.9 +/- 5.2 mumol/L (431 +/- 47 micrograms/dL) (P greater than 0.05 v phase II).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
1621677
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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