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Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2005 Dec;43(3):249-59. Epub 2005 Oct 4.

Application of the threshold of toxicological concern approach to ingredients in personal and household care products.

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  • 1Procter and Gamble Company, 11810 E. Miami River Road, Cincinnati, OH 45253, USA.


In the absence of chemical-specific data, the threshold of toxicological concern (TTC) provides a method to determine a conservative estimate of a chronic oral exposure below which there is a very low probability of risk. The TTC approach was originally developed to support exposures to indirect food additives and was based on linear low-dose risk estimates to assure protection in the event that the chemical was later determined to be a carcinogen. Subsequently, TTC values based on noncancer endpoints were proposed for chemicals without structural alerts for genotoxicity. The original database supporting the TTC values for noncancer endpoints includes >600 structurally diverse chemicals. The objectives of this work were to evaluate the applicability of the TTC database to ingredients used in consumer products based on a comparison of the diversity of chemical structures with those in the original TTC database and to confirm that the range of NOELs for these ingredients is consistent with the range of NOELs in the original database. The results show good coverage of the product ingredient structures and confirm that the NOELs for the ingredient chemicals are similar in range to the original dataset, supporting the use of the TTC for ingredients in consumer products.

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