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EMBO Rep. 2005 Nov;6(11):1095-100. Epub 2005 Oct 7.

Bcr is a negative regulator of the Wnt signalling pathway.

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  • 1Institute of Medical Virology, University of Zurich, Gloriastrasse 30, 8006 Zurich, Switzerland.


The Wnt signalling pathway can activate transcription of genes such as c-myc through beta-catenin. Here, we describe the protein breakpoint cluster region, Bcr, as a negative regulator of this pathway. Bcr can form a complex with beta-catenin and negatively regulate expression of c-Myc. Knockdown of Bcr by short interfering RNA relieves the block and activates expression of c-Myc. Expression of Bcr in the human colon carcinoma cell line HCT116, which has a high level of endogenous beta-catenin, leads to reduced c-Myc expression. The negative effect is exerted by the amino terminus of Bcr, which does not harbour the kinase domain. Bcr-Abl, the oncogene protein expressed in chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML), does not bind to beta-catenin. It phosphorylates Bcr in the first exon sequence on tyrosines, which abrogates the binding of Bcr to beta-catenin. The inhibitor of the Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase, STI-571 or Gleevec, a drug against CML, reverses this effect. Our data contribute to the understanding of Bcr as a tumour suppressor in the Wnt signalling pathway, as well as in CML.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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