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J Immunol. 2005 Oct 15;175(8):5135-45.

Attenuation of Th1 response in decoy receptor 3 transgenic mice.

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  • 1Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, National Yang-Ming University, Shih-Pai, Taipei, Taiwan.


The soluble decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) is a member of the TNFR superfamily. Because DcR3 is up-regulated in tumor tissues and is detectable in the sera of cancer patients, it is regarded as an immunosuppressor to down-regulate immune responses. To understand the function of DcR3 in vivo, we generated transgenic mice overexpressing DcR3 systemically. In comparison with HNT-TCR (HNT) transgenic mice, up-regulation of IL-4 and IL-10 and down-regulation of IFN-gamma, IL-12, and TNF-alpha were observed in the influenza hemagglutinin(126-138) peptide-stimulated splenocytes of HNT-DcR3 double-transgenic mice. When infected with Listeria monocytogenes, DcR3 transgenic mice show attenuated expression of IFN-gamma as well as increased susceptibility to infection. The Th2 cell-biased phenotype in DcR3 transgenic mice is attributed to decreased IL-2 secretion by T cells, resulting in the suppression of IL-2 dependent CD4(+) T cell proliferation. This suggests that DcR3 might help tumor growth by attenuating the Th1 response and suppressing cell-mediated immunity.

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