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Pol Arch Med Wewn. 2005 Feb;113(2):119-29.

[Assessment of metabolic atherosclerosis risk factors in progeny of patients with past ischemic stroke].

[Article in Polish]

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  • 1Pracownia Kształcenia Lekarzy Rodzinnych Pomorskiej AM w Szczecinie.


Early diagnosing and modification or elimination of atherosclerosis risk factors with the descendants of the ill with past ischemic stroke (IS) might reduce risk of subsequent stroke incidence in the family, or myocardial infarction or other disease being atherosclerosis - derivative. This subject seems to be essential because it concerns young people. The purpose of the present study is identification and assessment of metabolic atherosclerosis risk factors with adult progeny of the ill with past IS at young age. There were examined 43 adult children of the parents who fell ill at young age (between 39 and 55 years in case of men and 60 years in case of women) with IS. The test group included 21 men and 22 women aged from 19 to 39 years (average age - 26.3 years). The reference group consisted of 40 persons, including 18 men and 22 women aged from 22 to 39 years (average age - 26.8 years). The persons from reference group were corresponding (in respect of structural aspects, such as age and sex) to the test group, their parents had negative history towards atherosclerosis - derivative illnesses. None of the patients under examination was a cigarette smoker. Examination of both groups consisted in conducting anamnesis, measurement of body weighing and height, blood pressure as well as evaluation of biochemical atherosclerosis risk factors. Blood testing (blood serum or plasma) consisted of blood cell count and ESR as well as blood glucose level, creatinine, urea, transaminase and bilirubin levels as well as total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol fractions, apolipoprotein B, apolipoprotein AI, lipoprotein (a), triglycerides, homocysteine, folate, fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor and C-reactive protein level. Among persons whose parents were affected, at young age, with IS higher average level of BMI (24.2 +/- 3.8 kg/m2) was detected as compared with that in the reference group (22.4 +/- 2.5 kg/m2), LDL cholesterol fraction (2.7 +/- 0.8 mmol/l vs 2.4 +/- 0.6 mmol/l) and triglycerides (1.1 +/- 0.4 mmol/l vs 0.8 +/- 0.4 mmol/l) as well as lower level of apolipoprotein Al (1.5 +/- 0.2 g/l vs 1.6 +/- 0.2 g/l). Average values of other factors in the blood serum were not significantly different in both with compared groups. In case of women, whose parents were affected with IS, higher levels of the following indicators were detected: BMI (24.3 +/- 3.9 kg/mz vs 21.5 +/- 2.3 kg/m2), total cholesterol (5.1 +/- 0.7 mmol/l vs 4.4 +/- 0.5 mmol/l, LDL cholesterol (2.7 +/- 0.6 mmol/l vs 2.1 +/- 0.4 mmol/l), apolipoprotein B (1.0 +/- 0.1 g/l vs 0.8 +/- 0.1 g/l), lipoprotein (a) (0.3 +/- 0.2 g/l vs 0.2 +/- 0.1 g/l) and triglycerides (1.0 +/- 0.4 mmol/l vs 0.7 +/- 0.2 mmol/l). In group of men whose parents were affected with IS lower levels of apolipoprotein Al (1.3 +/- 0.2 g/l vs 1.5 +/- 0.2 g/l) and of von Willebrand factor (71.4 +/- 23.9% vs 87.1% +/- 16,8%) were detected. Descendents of the ill with past IS should be treated as higher risk group especially when supranormative values of metabolic atherosclerosis risk factors are detected with them. In case of persons with positive family history of IS, having higher values of metabolic atherosclerosis risk factors, it is necessary to apply intensive actions towards change of their life styles, and if necessary - also to include pharmacological treatment.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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