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Clin Genet. 2005 Nov;68(5):436-41.

Frequency of truly cryptic subtelomere abnormalities--a study of 534 patients and literature review.

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  • 1Department of Genetic Medicine, Women's and Children's Hospital, North Adelaide, Australia. sui.yu@adelaide.edu.au

Abstract

Frequency of truly cryptic subtelomere abnormalities - a study of 534 patients and literature review. Unbalanced subtelomere chromosome rearrangements are a significant cause of mental retardation with approximately 5% of over 3000 affected individuals tested worldwide having a chromosome rearrangement of this type. Many of these abnormalities are detectable using routine karyotyping at the 550 band level and therefore are not considered to be cryptic. The frequency of truly cryptic subtelomere abnormality should be less than 5% but has not been established. In this study, we defined 'cryptic abnormality' as one not detectable at the 550 band level on routine karyotyping. Using this as one of the selection criteria, we have studied 534 individuals with mental retardation/ developmental delay (MR/DD) and referred for subtelomere study by clinical geneticists. We have identified seven cases with cryptic subtelomere abnormalities. The clinical features of the seven abnormal cases are summarized. Literature review identified five publications on the identification of subtelomere abnormalities which used similar recruitment criteria: (a) normal karyotype at the 550 band level and (b) subjects were selected for subtelomere studies. Combining the data from these studies with those of the current study, 1154 patients were tested and 30 subtelomere abnormalities were identified. We estimate the frequency of truly cryptic subtelomere abnormality to be approximately 2.6% (30/1154) in children with MR/DD who are referred for subtelomere study.

PMID:
16207211
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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