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Eur Heart J. 2005 Dec;26(24):2698-705. Epub 2005 Oct 4.

Increased gene expression of collagen Types I and III is inhibited by beta-receptor blockade in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan.



To elucidate the cellular mechanisms of cardioprotection of beta-blockers in patients with heart failure, we investigated the effects of beta-blockers on collagen synthesis in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).


We examined the gene expression before and 4 months after the administration of a beta-blocker in 17 DCM patients. The messenger ribonucleic acid expression of collagen Types I and III (Col I and III) and transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) of right ventricular tissues obtained by the endomyocardial biopsy were assessed by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Cardiac sympathetic nerve activity was assessed by the washout rate (WR) of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine from the heart. Left ventricular ejection fraction (21 +/- 7 vs. 35 +/- 9%) and WR (53+/-14 vs. 42 +/- 13%) improved significantly. Before the beta-blocker treatment, the expressions of both Col I (r = 0.560, P = 0.041) and Col III (r = 0.630, P = 0.008) genes were correlated with WR. The expression levels of both Col I (1.08 +/- 0.72 vs. 0.65 +/- 0.26, P = 0.024) and Col III (2.06 +/- 1.81 vs. 1.05 +/- 0.74, P = 0.018) were reduced by a beta-blocker. Changes in TGF-beta(1) correlated with those in WR (r = 0.606, P = 0.002).


beta-Blockers are considered to inhibit the expression of collagen-related genes in DCM, which seems to be mediated by TGF-beta(1).

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