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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2005 Nov;22(5):597-604.

Comparison of contrast agents with high molarity and with weak protein binding in cerebral perfusion imaging at 3 T.

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  • 1Department of Medical Radiation Physics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. Oliver.Thilmann@med.lu.se

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To examine and compare properties of high-molarity contrast agent gadobutrol (Gadovist) and weakly protein-binding agent gadobenate-dimeglumine (MultiHance in dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) perfusion imaging at 3 T.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Sixteen healthy volunteers underwent three separate examinations with contrast agent doses of 0.1 and 0.2 mmol/kg body weight (bw) gadobutrol and 0.1 mmol/kg bw gadobenate-dimeglumine. Maps of relative regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and blood flow (rCBF) were calculated using deconvolution based on singular value decomposition. Signal and concentration time curves, the concentration-to-noise ratio (SNR(c)), and gray matter (GM)-to-white matter (WM) rCBV and rCBF contrast and ratios were evaluated in a region of interest (ROI)-based analysis. Image quality of calculated parametric maps was assessed in direct visual comparison and with respect to suitability for diagnostic purposes.

RESULTS:

The contrast agents displayed very similar results in the 0.1 mmol/kg examinations, both with respect to the quantitative evaluation parameters and in the qualitative assessment of the calculated parametric maps. Maps from 0.2 mmol/kg examinations were rated as being superior in quality, but with respect to diagnostic suitability all contrast agents and doses yielded images of sufficient quality.

CONCLUSION:

At 3 T, a gadobutrol or gadobenate-dimeglumine dose of 0.1 mmol/kg is sufficient for DSC magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) perfusion assessment. At the used small injection volumes, the tissue concentration curve was determined only by the gadolinium (Gd) dosage in mmol/kg, and the T2* relaxation effects of the two agents can be considered to be nearly identical in the applied gradient-echo (GRE) sequence.

J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2005. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
16200539
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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