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Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2005 Nov;23(4):937-57.

Initial evaluation of chest pain.

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  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.


Chest pain is among the most frequently evaluated presenting complaints in the emergency department (ED). Diagnostic etiologies range from benign to life-threatening. Failure to diagnose the life-threatening chest emergencies-specifically acute coronary syndrome, aortic dissection, and pulmonary embolism-can lead to catastrophic medical and legal outcomes for the patient and physician respectively. This article focuses on clinical and risk management strategies to minimize misdiagnosis and produce favorable medical and medicolegal outcomes.

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