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Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Aug 26;95(9):095504. Epub 2005 Aug 23.

Circuit elements at optical frequencies: nanoinductors, nanocapacitors, and nanoresistors.

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  • 1Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Erratum in

  • Phys Rev Lett. 2011 Feb 25;106(8):089901.


We present the concept of circuit nanoelements in the optical domain using plasmonic and nonplasmonic nanoparticles. Three basic circuit elements, i.e., nanoinductors, nanocapacitors, and nanoresistors, are discussed in terms of small nanostructures with different material properties. Coupled nanoscale circuits and parallel and series combinations are also envisioned, which may provide road maps for the synthesis of more complex circuits in the IR and visible bands. Ideas for the optical implementation of right-handed and left-handed nanotransmission lines are also forecasted.

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