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EMBO J. 2005 Oct 19;24(20):3602-12. Epub 2005 Sep 29.

Proteasome-mediated cleavage of the Y-box-binding protein 1 is linked to DNA-damage stress response.

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  • 1Institute of Protein Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russian Federation.


YB-1 is a DNA/RNA-binding nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein whose regulatory effect on many DNA- and RNA-dependent events is determined by its localization in the cell. Distribution of YB-1 between the nucleus and the cytoplasm is known to be dependent on nuclear targeting and cytoplasmic retention signals located within the C-terminal portion of YB-1. Here, we report that YB-1 undergoes a specific proteolytic cleavage by the 20S proteasome, which splits off the C-terminal 105-amino-acid-long YB-1 fragment containing a cytoplasmic retention signal. Cleavage of YB-1 by the 20S proteasome in vitro appears to be ubiquitin- and ATP-independent, and is abolished by the association of YB-1 with messenger RNA. We also found that genotoxic stress triggers a proteasome-mediated cleavage of YB-1 in vivo and leads to accumulation of the truncated protein in nuclei of stressed cells. Endoproteolytic activity of the proteasome may therefore play an important role in regulating YB-1 functioning, especially under certain stress conditions.

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